Chinese Foreign Policy during the Maoist Era and its Lessons for Today

All socialist states face a continuing, and at times acute, contradiction between the necessity of defending the socialist country--including through making agreements with imperialist and reactionary states--and the goal of promoting and supporting the world revolution. This paper examines how socialist China handled this tension during four periods between 1949 and 1976. It contrasts the strong internationalist support given to the Korean people and to the Vietnamese and other struggles for national liberation in the 1960s, with the development of bourgeois nationalist lines around the 1955 Bandung Conference and the reactionary "three worlds theory" of the early 1970s. This paper also takes on the view that nationalist governments and their leaders, not revolutionary people's movements, are the most important challenge to imperialism in the world today.  (40 pages, January 2007)

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